Guide for environmental enforcement authorities

In the framework of the activities for “Strengthening the administrative capacity for the implementation of environmental legislation”, a practical Guide for environmental officials has been prepared, which schematically presents all the actions of inspectors when determining and enforcing fines.

The guide is dedicated to officials of the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning, officials of the Inspectorate for Environmental Protection, municipal environmental inspectors, as well as all officials who have competencies in implementing environmental legislation in the Republic of Kosovo.

The guide provides sufficient information on the legal basis on which fines are imposed and provides them with the procedural actions they must follow when imposing those penalties, providing samples that can be used in the case of determining and drafting penalties, such as official reports, decisions, requests, proposals, etc.

This document provides an overview of all applicable legal provisions in the field of environment, water, construction and housing that correspond to inspectors’ inspection powers. The document also contains the legal provisions for inspection supervision so that inspectors are aware of the legal basis of their powers as inspectors.

The guide provides a brief description of central and local level institutions with competencies for the implementation of environmental legislation. This primarily refers to the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning, the Environmental Protection Inspectorate, the Environmental Protection Agency and other law enforcement institutions.

Natural gas as an option for sustainable energy transition in Kosovo

The Institute for Development Policy (INDEP) publishes the next paper within the program for sustainable development ‘Natural gas as an option for sustainable energy transition in Kosovo’. The paper looks at the possibilities of how gas can be used as a significantly lower carbon dioxide emission capacity to facilitate the transition instead of the traditional full-time base load role may be its most significant contribution to the energy transition. The potential development of the natural gas sector in Kosovo in line with the developments of the regional gas infrastructure, is seen as a great opportunity to support this transition. Natural gas is also a potential complement / substitute for renewable energy because it can compensate for the interruption of energy produced by renewable sources – when there is no wind or sunlight.

The full paper can be found here:

Annual Report on the State of the Environment 2020

The drafting of the Report on the State of the Environment in Kosovo is in accordance with the Law on the Environment1. According to Article 25 of the law, the Government of Kosovo, on the proposal of the Ministry of Environment, Spatial Planning and Infrastructure, of the Assembly, Annual Report on the State of the Environment.

The report is not related to: previous state of the environment and changes in the environment compared to the environmental impact report on the condition of the people, the state of the endangered environment, the technique of environmental strategy and action plan, Protected measures for environmental protection, environmental clothing and financing system for environmental protection.

At the end of the government’s duties, the Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency is the document that drafts this document. This annual report annual environment year for 2020, but also its further data have considerable room for comparison purposes.

For drafting the report, KEPA has collected facilities from monitors, operators, various enterprises, publications, reports and other sources. The collection data have been processed into qualitative environmental information which is now set out in this report. The presentation of the situation for some environmentalists is less hurt like damage to data cases, decisions, legal basis of monitoring monitoring or even other institutional management institutions.

The report criticisms are the informing of decision makers on the state of the environment in Kosovo, in order to have information defined for the drafting of appropriate environmental policies for the orientation of development, plans and strategic investments in sectors that have an impact on the environment, such as: economy, industry, energy, transport, agriculture, etc.
Preliminary Annual Report on the State of the Environment 2020, has been discussed and approved by the Government of Kosovo and the Assembly of Kosovo.

For more click here.,7,612

The EBRD’s new strategy for Kosovo prioritizes green transition

The Bank will continue to pursue the achievement of the country’s liaison agenda with a greater focus on project implementation, and will increase its support for municipalities and by engaging them to invest in climate-resistant infrastructure and green economy. .

The Bank will pay special attention to accelerating the implementation of public sector investments and supporting the implementation according to the EU Economic and Investment Plan.

The EBRD Country Strategy 2022-2027, approved by the Board of Directors on January 26, 2022, is Kosovo’s third country strategy to date. Although the EBRD has been active in Kosovo since 1999, Kosovo became a shareholder and a full-fledged place of operations only in 2012.

A resident office was opened in Prishtina and the Bank’s investment has increased significantly, exceeding half a billion euros in 2020 and reaching 583 million euros to date.

Click on the website to download the document in three languages ​​(Albanian, English, Serbian):

INDEP publishes the analysis Principles of Green Recovery for Kosovo

INDEP publishes the analysis “Principles of Green Recovery for Kosovo – Lessons from Pre-Packages and the Road to Sustainable Recovery”.

The Institute for Development Policy (INDEP), in the framework of the project “Recovery for Sustainability” has published the analysis entitled “Principles of green recovery for Kosovo – lessons from previous packages and the path to sustainable recovery.” The paper addresses the past stimulus packages of the Government of Kosovo, the Economic Revival Package, the mistakes made so far in recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic and the steps that need to be taken in the future.

The paper has treated and studied the cases of European countries such as Germany, Norway and Luxembourg, in order to present concrete recommendations and examples of success which can be applied in Kosovo. Some of the recommendations of this paper are:
• The Government of Kosovo to design incentive packages with the inclusion of green policies.
• The Government of Kosovo to remove taxes on electricity generation equipment from renewable sources.
• The Government of Kosovo to allocate significant funds for the construction of wind farms and photovoltaic power plants.
• Increase awareness campaigns regarding solar self-generation technology and energy efficiency measures.
• The government should establish a joint group, consisting of representatives of various institutions, representatives of businesses and civil society to draft future packages.

To read the full paper, click here:

This publication was supported by the Balkan Trust for Democracy (BTD), a project of the German Marshall Fund of the United States and the American people through USAID. The views and opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect the views of the Balkan Trust for Democracy, the German Marshall Fund, USAID or the US Government.

Water Status Report in Kosovo 2020

This report presents the state of water in Kosovo for the period 2015 -2020. The report includes the state of surface water, groundwater, laws and bylaws for the water sector, strategic documents for water, hydrographic water network, rainfall, protected water areas, water use by different sectors as well as investments and projects in the water sector.

Data for the preparation of the report have been collected by institutions that monitor the quality and quantity of water, companies that manage water and other governmental and non-governmental institutions which have certain responsibilities in the water sector.

Some data have also been obtained from various sources such as various publications, projects and studies. In the report the data are presented in textual, tabular, and figures divided according to the respective fields and sectors. In a separate chapter of the report, conclusions are drawn and recommendations are given for taking appropriate measures to improve the situation.

The main purpose of the report is to inform the general public about the state of water in Kosovo, but at the same time this report is valuable information for policy orientation in the water sector and a document that can serve donors in the orientation of projects in the water sector. waters.

This is the third sectoral report on the state of water. KEPA has previously published the Water Status Report 2010 and the Water Status Report 2015. The report is published in electronic format and in paper format in Albanian, Serbian and English and is distributed free of charge to the public and all other stakeholders.

For more details visit:,7,608

Kosovo’s spatial legal reform at a dead end?!

Continuously to address and manage the challenges of spatial development, during the years 2003-2013, spatial regulation in Kosovo went through two cycles of legal changes.

This analysis compares the laws by looking at how their shortcomings are different from locally produced spatial plans.

The document also reflects on the perception of the government and municipal officials on the challenges that arise in this area and concludes with the conclusion of the recommendations.

See in digital format here.

MESP report on Hydropower is published

The working group for “Review of administrative procedures implemented for hydropower plants and their impact on the environment”, has finalized its work and presented the main findings through a report.

This working group was established by decision of the Minister of MESP, Liburn Aliu in order to review the legality and procedural and administrative aspects of allowing these HPPs. The group included experts from MESP and its subordinate agencies.

Some of the main findings of the report are:

a) Despite the fact that the law regulates that the concession must be provided for the use of water for business purposes, the Ministry (MESP) as the authority responsible for granting the water right has not implemented the granting of the concession but the granting of the water right. has done with a water permit, which is a violation of the Law on Waters of Kosovo. The basic difference between a water permit and a concession lies in the fact that the concession is granted through a competitive process while the water permit is not.

b) Not only has the concession procedure defined by law not been implemented, but the issuance of water permits for water use for HPPs has been done in contradiction with the sub-legal act for water permit regarding the documentation that must be attached to the application. as well as the content of the water permit.

c) The issuance of water permits for HPPs was done without relying on a detailed and professional review and was not based on planning documents. Consequently, water permits have been issued and hydropower plants have been built in the areas where capital hydrotechnical projects have been planned, thus endangering the realization of these facilities of strategic importance for Kosovo (as in the case of the Lepenci hydro system).

d) In the absence of a guide on how to draft and review the environmental impact assessment (EIA), which according to the law should be issued by the Ministry, the process of reviewing the EIA report and issuing the environmental consent is not there has been a well-defined performance and a proper standard. EIA reports are generally poor. The most important aspects of aquatic flora and fauna, such as ecologically acceptable feed, alluvium regime and fish trails, are treated only superficially.

e) For all three HPPs of the Deçan cascade, construction permits and certificates of use have been issued by the Ministry, although all these HPPs have a capacity of less than 10 MW, and consequently the issuance of a construction permit by law is the competence of municipality. This was realized by joining the two HPPs (“Deçani” and “Belaja”) with a construction permit since thus united they have over 10 MW, and HPP “Lumbardhi” with the dam which is not built at all.

f) Virtually all HPPs are built in the immediate vicinity of rivers (watercourses) from which they generate energy, as this is contrary to the provisions of the Law on Waters of Kosovo which prohibits construction at a distance of less than 30 meters of solid lines (maximum 100-year water line).


Kosovo at a crossroads in terms of the energy sector

Kosovo is at crossroads regarding the energy sector, having to choose to act on either “grow now – clean up later” or “sustainable development”.

Part of the solution of the Kosovar government will be the important gasification projects which are expected to be developed.

Our latest paper explains the development of infrastructure and gasification projects in Kosovo.

These projects are extremely important and are seen as a good opportunity for:

1. transition from high carbon (fossil and oil) fossil fuels to low carbon (gas) fuels
2. ensuring a stable and secure energy supply
3. increasing cooperation with regional partners and international actors
4. creating the energy stability needed to integrate renewable resources
5. meeting the requirements and obligations of the Energy Community and the European integration process.

Click here for the document.

The Sustainable Development Goals Report

The report demonstrates that progress is being made in some
critical areas, and that some favorable trends are evident. Extreme
poverty has declined considerably, the under-5 mortality rate fell
by 49 per cent between 2000 and 2017, immunizations have saved
millions of lives, and the vast majority of the world’s population now
has access to electricity. Countries are taking concrete actions to
protect our planet: marine protected areas have doubled since 2010;
countries are working concertedly to address illegal fishing; 186 parties
have ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change, and almost all
have communicated their first nationally determined contributions.
About 150 countries have developed national policies to respond to the
challenges of rapid urbanization, and 71 countries and the European
Union now have more than 300 policies and instruments supporting
sustainable consumption and production. And a wide range of other
actors—international organizations, businesses, local authorities, the
scientific community and civil society—have engaged with the SDGs in
a manner that generates great hope for the coming decade. The United
Nations, for its part, is working hard to reposition to the United Nations
development system to be better equipped to meet the needs of
governments to respond to this integrated and transformative agenda.

Community Development Fund – CDF

Embassy of Sweden in Pristina