MESP report on Hydropower is published

The working group for “Review of administrative procedures implemented for hydropower plants and their impact on the environment”, has finalized its work and presented the main findings through a report.

This working group was established by decision of the Minister of MESP, Liburn Aliu in order to review the legality and procedural and administrative aspects of allowing these HPPs. The group included experts from MESP and its subordinate agencies.

Some of the main findings of the report are:

a) Despite the fact that the law regulates that the concession must be provided for the use of water for business purposes, the Ministry (MESP) as the authority responsible for granting the water right has not implemented the granting of the concession but the granting of the water right. has done with a water permit, which is a violation of the Law on Waters of Kosovo. The basic difference between a water permit and a concession lies in the fact that the concession is granted through a competitive process while the water permit is not.

b) Not only has the concession procedure defined by law not been implemented, but the issuance of water permits for water use for HPPs has been done in contradiction with the sub-legal act for water permit regarding the documentation that must be attached to the application. as well as the content of the water permit.

c) The issuance of water permits for HPPs was done without relying on a detailed and professional review and was not based on planning documents. Consequently, water permits have been issued and hydropower plants have been built in the areas where capital hydrotechnical projects have been planned, thus endangering the realization of these facilities of strategic importance for Kosovo (as in the case of the Lepenci hydro system).

d) In the absence of a guide on how to draft and review the environmental impact assessment (EIA), which according to the law should be issued by the Ministry, the process of reviewing the EIA report and issuing the environmental consent is not there has been a well-defined performance and a proper standard. EIA reports are generally poor. The most important aspects of aquatic flora and fauna, such as ecologically acceptable feed, alluvium regime and fish trails, are treated only superficially.

e) For all three HPPs of the Deçan cascade, construction permits and certificates of use have been issued by the Ministry, although all these HPPs have a capacity of less than 10 MW, and consequently the issuance of a construction permit by law is the competence of municipality. This was realized by joining the two HPPs (“Deçani” and “Belaja”) with a construction permit since thus united they have over 10 MW, and HPP “Lumbardhi” with the dam which is not built at all.

f) Virtually all HPPs are built in the immediate vicinity of rivers (watercourses) from which they generate energy, as this is contrary to the provisions of the Law on Waters of Kosovo which prohibits construction at a distance of less than 30 meters of solid lines (maximum 100-year water line).

Link:

https://mmphi.rks-gov.net/assets/cms/uploads/files/Raporti%20Final%20i%20Grupit%20Punues%20per%20Hidrocentralet-converted-2(2).pdf

Kosovo at a crossroads in terms of the energy sector

Kosovo is at crossroads regarding the energy sector, having to choose to act on either “grow now – clean up later” or “sustainable development”.

Part of the solution of the Kosovar government will be the important gasification projects which are expected to be developed.

Our latest paper explains the development of infrastructure and gasification projects in Kosovo.

These projects are extremely important and are seen as a good opportunity for:

1. transition from high carbon (fossil and oil) fossil fuels to low carbon (gas) fuels
2. ensuring a stable and secure energy supply
3. increasing cooperation with regional partners and international actors
4. creating the energy stability needed to integrate renewable resources
5. meeting the requirements and obligations of the Energy Community and the European integration process.

Click here for the document.

The Sustainable Development Goals Report

The report demonstrates that progress is being made in some
critical areas, and that some favorable trends are evident. Extreme
poverty has declined considerably, the under-5 mortality rate fell
by 49 per cent between 2000 and 2017, immunizations have saved
millions of lives, and the vast majority of the world’s population now
has access to electricity. Countries are taking concrete actions to
protect our planet: marine protected areas have doubled since 2010;
countries are working concertedly to address illegal fishing; 186 parties
have ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change, and almost all
have communicated their first nationally determined contributions.
About 150 countries have developed national policies to respond to the
challenges of rapid urbanization, and 71 countries and the European
Union now have more than 300 policies and instruments supporting
sustainable consumption and production. And a wide range of other
actors—international organizations, businesses, local authorities, the
scientific community and civil society—have engaged with the SDGs in
a manner that generates great hope for the coming decade. The United
Nations, for its part, is working hard to reposition to the United Nations
development system to be better equipped to meet the needs of
governments to respond to this integrated and transformative agenda.

Community Development Fund – CDF

Embassy of Sweden in Pristina

HumanRightivism

INDEP Publishes the Policy Analysis “The Recovery is Green – Renewable Energy Challenges and Opportunities Policy Analysis”

Institute for Development Policy (INDEP) calls on Kosovo’s institutions to lead the way towards Green Recovery, starting with large investments in the renewable energy sector through its revised/expanded Economic Recovery package. Through this analysis, INDEP provides an overview of the challenges and opportunities for the promotion and investments in the renewable sector, as well as the set of policies available to policymakers concerning the inclusion of renewables in the revised/expanded recovery package.

Based on the findings of the paper, INDEP recommends the Government of Kosovo to:

• to include green stimulus measures as a part of the revised/expanded green economic recovery plan,

• to abolish the VAT on the purchase and installation of PV systems in Kosovo,

• to ensure the adoption of a net billing policy and then enforce and implement it,

• to subsidize the prosumers of small-scale solar PV,

• to strategically use public resources committed to green measures in order to mobilize capital from private sources,

• to use OECD’s Green Budgeting Framework tool,

• to conduct awareness-raising campaigns for the benefits of using RES small generators especially Solar PV in rooftops, and

• to monitor and evaluate the green recovery measures.

To read the full paper available in English, click on this link:

This paper is supported by Rockefeller Brothers Fund and is published in the framework of Sustainable Development program of INDEP.

Environmental pollution in Prizren

Through this research it is intended to assess the current state of the environment in Prizren based on the concerns and experiences of citizens about the problems displayed.

KOSID published a legal analysis called “Sharri National Park: The target of Crime”

This research addresses the legal violations taking place in the National Park “Sharri” regarding this park’s flora and fauna.

The legal analysis elaborates the destruction of the National Park “Sharri” by the human factor, whether individual or organized criminal group.

KOSID has identified these threats as the main threats to the values of Sharri National Park: Hunting and poaching, Wildfires, and the degradation of forests through deforestation.

Some of the nature degradations that KOSID research has managed to identify are violations of the laws in force in the Republic of Kosovo, and here are some of them:

  1. Increase in the number of fires in the last four years;
  2. Forest damage from illegal logging in large quantities and a large number of lawsuits against individuals who have degraded the forest;
  3. Fauna is vulnerable in the National Park “Sharri”. Where endangered species are being threatened by hunting and poaching;
  4. Non-enforcement of the laws by individuals for personal economic benefits.

These and many other violations listed in the report on “Sharri National Park: The target of Crime” can be found in three languages: Albanian, Serbian and English, on the KOSID website:

Greenhouse gas emissions in Kosovo

Greenhouse gas emissions in Kosovo
The increase of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases produces effects on climate change, respectively on its heating. It is estimated that globally from 1990 until today, the effect of total heating from greenhouse gases emanating from anthropogenic activities has increased to about 40%.

Kosovo, the total annual greenhouse gas emissions during the period 2008-2018 vary between 9489 Gg CO2 eq. (2008) and 10164 Gg CO2 eq (2016). Emissions depend largely on energy demand and the activities of the energy sector which is the main emission sector in the country with 87%.

Compared to other countries in Europe, Kosovo has lower emissions (5 tons of CO2 equivalent) per capita than the European Union average, but has higher emissions than some of the countries in the region. As for CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (Gross Domestic Product), Kosovo with 0.5 kg of CO2 has higher emissions than the European Union average and higher than other countries in the region.

For more information see the Environmental Indicators Report:

Green management at the municipal level

The research “Green management at the municipal level” aims to inform citizens about the commitment of municipal directorates in the field of environment. This document also presents comparisons between municipalities.

Community Development Fund – CDF
Embassy of Sweden in Pristina
HumanRightivism
EC Ma Ndryshe

What areVolatile Organic Compounds?(VOCs)

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are a combination of gases and odors emitted by many different toxins and chemicals from everyday products.

VOCs can come from fires and candles, cleaning products, new furniture, fragrances, paints and varnishes etc.

To reduce the amount of VOCs inside your home, look for products free of VOC or choose low VOC products and ventilate as much as possible.

Actors and Policy Mapping for Effective Implementation of Kosovo’s NECP

Currently, more than 91.43% of electrical energy produced in Kosovo comes from the burning of fossil fuels, i.e., respectively coal, with a low caloric value of 7200 kJ/kg in existing power plants Kosovo A and Kosovo B. However, as the Energy Regulatory
Office states, Kosovo has had an installed hydropower capacity of 96 MW since the ’90s, and there are 20 more hydropower projects approved for the future. Jointly, these new and old hydropower plants will account for approximately 175 MW. Some examples of the latter include the “Ujmani hydropower plant which produces 35 MW, Lumbardhi 1 and 2 HPP (8 MW + 7MW), Deçani (9.5 MW), Belaja (7.5 MW), Brodi 1 and 2 (4.7 MW + 1MW), Albaniku 2 (4 MW), Restelica 1 and 2 (2.4 MW), Dikanci (3 MW), etc.”

While the energy strategy states that all hydro capacities will be utilized in 2020 to reach the Energy Community targets, hydro energy accounts for only three percent of the total electricity generation. Although the solar energy potential in Kosovo is relatively high because of its geographical location, there has not been significant project developed.