INDEP Publishes the Policy Analysis “The Recovery is Green – Renewable Energy Challenges and Opportunities Policy Analysis”

Institute for Development Policy (INDEP) calls on Kosovo’s institutions to lead the way towards Green Recovery, starting with large investments in the renewable energy sector through its revised/expanded Economic Recovery package. Through this analysis, INDEP provides an overview of the challenges and opportunities for the promotion and investments in the renewable sector, as well as the set of policies available to policymakers concerning the inclusion of renewables in the revised/expanded recovery package.

Based on the findings of the paper, INDEP recommends the Government of Kosovo to:

• to include green stimulus measures as a part of the revised/expanded green economic recovery plan,

• to abolish the VAT on the purchase and installation of PV systems in Kosovo,

• to ensure the adoption of a net billing policy and then enforce and implement it,

• to subsidize the prosumers of small-scale solar PV,

• to strategically use public resources committed to green measures in order to mobilize capital from private sources,

• to use OECD’s Green Budgeting Framework tool,

• to conduct awareness-raising campaigns for the benefits of using RES small generators especially Solar PV in rooftops, and

• to monitor and evaluate the green recovery measures.

To read the full paper available in English, click on this link:

This paper is supported by Rockefeller Brothers Fund and is published in the framework of Sustainable Development program of INDEP.

Environmental pollution in Prizren

Through this research it is intended to assess the current state of the environment in Prizren based on the concerns and experiences of citizens about the problems displayed.

KOSID published a legal analysis called “Sharri National Park: The target of Crime”

This research addresses the legal violations taking place in the National Park “Sharri” regarding this park’s flora and fauna.

The legal analysis elaborates the destruction of the National Park “Sharri” by the human factor, whether individual or organized criminal group.

KOSID has identified these threats as the main threats to the values of Sharri National Park: Hunting and poaching, Wildfires, and the degradation of forests through deforestation.

Some of the nature degradations that KOSID research has managed to identify are violations of the laws in force in the Republic of Kosovo, and here are some of them:

  1. Increase in the number of fires in the last four years;
  2. Forest damage from illegal logging in large quantities and a large number of lawsuits against individuals who have degraded the forest;
  3. Fauna is vulnerable in the National Park “Sharri”. Where endangered species are being threatened by hunting and poaching;
  4. Non-enforcement of the laws by individuals for personal economic benefits.

These and many other violations listed in the report on “Sharri National Park: The target of Crime” can be found in three languages: Albanian, Serbian and English, on the KOSID website:

Greenhouse gas emissions in Kosovo

Greenhouse gas emissions in Kosovo
The increase of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases produces effects on climate change, respectively on its heating. It is estimated that globally from 1990 until today, the effect of total heating from greenhouse gases emanating from anthropogenic activities has increased to about 40%.

Kosovo, the total annual greenhouse gas emissions during the period 2008-2018 vary between 9489 Gg CO2 eq. (2008) and 10164 Gg CO2 eq (2016). Emissions depend largely on energy demand and the activities of the energy sector which is the main emission sector in the country with 87%.

Compared to other countries in Europe, Kosovo has lower emissions (5 tons of CO2 equivalent) per capita than the European Union average, but has higher emissions than some of the countries in the region. As for CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (Gross Domestic Product), Kosovo with 0.5 kg of CO2 has higher emissions than the European Union average and higher than other countries in the region.

For more information see the Environmental Indicators Report:

Green management at the municipal level

The research “Green management at the municipal level” aims to inform citizens about the commitment of municipal directorates in the field of environment. This document also presents comparisons between municipalities.

Community Development Fund – CDF
Embassy of Sweden in Pristina
HumanRightivism
EC Ma Ndryshe

What areVolatile Organic Compounds?(VOCs)

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are a combination of gases and odors emitted by many different toxins and chemicals from everyday products.

VOCs can come from fires and candles, cleaning products, new furniture, fragrances, paints and varnishes etc.

To reduce the amount of VOCs inside your home, look for products free of VOC or choose low VOC products and ventilate as much as possible.

Actors and Policy Mapping for Effective Implementation of Kosovo’s NECP

Currently, more than 91.43% of electrical energy produced in Kosovo comes from the burning of fossil fuels, i.e., respectively coal, with a low caloric value of 7200 kJ/kg in existing power plants Kosovo A and Kosovo B. However, as the Energy Regulatory
Office states, Kosovo has had an installed hydropower capacity of 96 MW since the ’90s, and there are 20 more hydropower projects approved for the future. Jointly, these new and old hydropower plants will account for approximately 175 MW. Some examples of the latter include the “Ujmani hydropower plant which produces 35 MW, Lumbardhi 1 and 2 HPP (8 MW + 7MW), Deçani (9.5 MW), Belaja (7.5 MW), Brodi 1 and 2 (4.7 MW + 1MW), Albaniku 2 (4 MW), Restelica 1 and 2 (2.4 MW), Dikanci (3 MW), etc.”

While the energy strategy states that all hydro capacities will be utilized in 2020 to reach the Energy Community targets, hydro energy accounts for only three percent of the total electricity generation. Although the solar energy potential in Kosovo is relatively high because of its geographical location, there has not been significant project developed.

Green Business Expo on 1-2 December

We are pleased to inform you that Green Business Expo (formerly known as Green Festival), will kick-off again on December 1-2, 2020 at businessexpo.greenkosovo.com . This year, due to the COVID-19 situation, it has been decided that the Green Business Expo will be held virtually (available in Albanian and English) and will come with an innovative concept and at the same level as the international virtual fairs.

Green Business Expo will be the first innovative virtual platform in the region, that will promote and support green businesses, where participating companies will be from the following sectors:

• Construction and eco-interior 🏡
• Energy efficiency 💡
• Renewable energy 🍃
• Recycling ♻️

At Green Business Expo exhibitors will be from Kosovo, Albania, Northern Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and beyond.

DID YOU KNOW THAT…

Existing power plants in Kosovo are estimated to cause a total of 70 to 169 million euros per year in health costs for residents and governments in the region?😮 #LetsTalkAboutAir, EMBASSY OF SWEDEN IN PRISTINA.

Source: Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL), Fatura e papaguar shëndetësore, 2016. https://env-health.org/IMG/pdf/factsheet_kosovo_alb_lr-2.pdf

Carbon Dioxide CO2

Carbon dioxide is a gas consisting of part carbon and parts oxygen. It is one of the most important gases on the because plants use it to produce carbohydrates in a process called photosynthesis. Since humans and animals depend on plants for food, photosynthesis is necessary for the survival of life on earth.

As CO2 builds up in our atmosphere from burning fossil fuels, it has a warming effect that could change the earth’s climate.

Indoor carbon dioxide concentrations are driven by a combination of outdoor CO2, indoor breathing and the ventilation rate of the building. As buildings and homes become more energy-efficient and airtight, this means we have less fresh air.

PEN (Peer Educators Network) Community Development Fund – CDF / Embassy of Sweden in Pristina / HumanRightivism