Agricultural land is the key to the success of any agricultural farm, which must be utilized through proper and careful agronomic management. If you burn manure and organic waste, you will be the biggest enemy of agricultural products, destroying the microflora and fauna in the working layer, in which case you lose the organic mass which can be transformed into plant assimilates.
Burning hay after harvesting is the worst possible way for poor farmers. The burning of embers endangers people’s lives and property. Take care of yourself and your land, if you want it to give you more crops in succession.
Organisms in the soil must be in balance, which balance is disturbing as a result of the use of chemicals, so it is important for microorganisms to live to break down (mineralize) the organic matter in any type of soil, to transform organic compounds in humic ones, form and maintain soil pores (for water and oxygen supply). Only in this way can the “food chain” be functional.
Straw represents a type of organic fertilizer, so turn it over (till) to undergo decomposition in the soil, preferably with a quantity of Urea (46% nitrogen) to harmonize the ratio of carbon (C) which dominates in straw with nitrogen given with Urea, for more efficient decomposition. Today, very little organic matter returns to the soil, as a result of the lack of stable manure. The straw:grain ratio is 1:1 and agronomic calculations show that 5-7 tons of organic matter per hectare is lost with the burning of manure or organic waste.
Do not burn compost and organic waste after harvest, because doing so causes long-term and irreversible environmental damage to the soil and environment. The old Latins had a saying “fire is a good servant but a bad master”, so don’t light the firecrackers to be good stewards of the agricultural land that constantly feeds us.
Author: Imer Rusinovci
Professor at the University of Prishtina, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine