The structure of primary energy consumed in Kosovo for 2020 consists of: coal, petroleum products (gasoline, oil, fuel oil, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas-LPG), biomass, hydropower, wind energy, solar energy and biofuels.
𝟐𝟎𝟐𝟎 𝐞 𝐞𝐧𝐞𝐫𝐠𝐣𝐢𝐬𝐞 𝟐𝟎𝟏𝟗 𝟐𝟎𝟐𝟎
Coal 1556.38 1590.87
Petroleum products 753.69 741.94
Biomase 402.36 396.93
Hydropower 22.26 22.26
Solar energy 1.34 1.38
Wind energy 7.80 7.82
Electricity 4.60 -27.31
Total 2748.43 2733.89
Many citizens still burn firewood and charcoal for heating and cooking, which causes air pollution which then causes breathing problems and other health problems. Without a reliable, affordable and sustainable supply of electricity, foreign and domestic companies are reluctant to invest and create jobs in Kosovo.
The current electricity system in Kosovo is outdated, inadequate and insufficient, presenting significant challenges for economic growth and development.
In 2018, almost 28% were lost from the distribution system through technical losses and non-payment and much more is lost through the lack of effective measures of energy.
Due to the predominance of lignite in Kosovo’s energy mix, the system is very inflexible and good connections with neighboring countries are needed to improve the situation.
Kosovo does not have as many water resources as other Balkan countries, but in recent years the construction of small hydropower plants has accelerated and become controversial, as some of them are located in protected areas.
In Kosovo there is a development in the sector of wind power generation. At the moment, the wind power generation project in Kika has an installed capacity of 32.4 MW, but in Kika there will be connection for an additional 20 MW, a project that is expected to be completed in 2022.
In December last year, the system, transmission and market operator, KOSTT, announced that it had signed a grid connection agreement with Bondcom Energy Point LLC for another wind project with a capacity of 46 megawatts in Budakovo.
Different sources estimate different potential for sun and wind in Kosovo.
Wind 𝐒𝐨𝐥𝐚𝐫 𝐏𝐕
IRENA 581 MW 2327 MW
SEERMAP 1494 MW 447 MW
SEE-SEP 790 MW 980MW
Final electricity consumption
In 2020 electricity consumption was 414.13 ktoe compared to 2019 there was an increase of 2.15%.
* TC Kosova A 2222196
** TC Kosova B 3907292
HC UJMANI 63344
Lumbardh Cascade (KELKOS) 48991
KITKA Wind Park 91184
Total production of generators
connected to the transmission network 6333007
Total RES and HC + wind in Distribution 114036
Wind Power 903
BRRE connected to Distribution 99,212
Sources of information: Annual electricity balance 2020 – sh. Kosovo Agency of Statistics
Let’s Do It Peja