Actors and Policy Mapping for Effective Implementation of Kosovo’s NECP

Currently, more than 91.43% of electrical energy produced in Kosovo comes from the burning of fossil fuels, i.e., respectively coal, with a low caloric value of 7200 kJ/kg in existing power plants Kosovo A and Kosovo B. However, as the Energy Regulatory
Office states, Kosovo has had an installed hydropower capacity of 96 MW since the ’90s, and there are 20 more hydropower projects approved for the future. Jointly, these new and old hydropower plants will account for approximately 175 MW. Some examples of the latter include the “Ujmani hydropower plant which produces 35 MW, Lumbardhi 1 and 2 HPP (8 MW + 7MW), Deçani (9.5 MW), Belaja (7.5 MW), Brodi 1 and 2 (4.7 MW + 1MW), Albaniku 2 (4 MW), Restelica 1 and 2 (2.4 MW), Dikanci (3 MW), etc.”

While the energy strategy states that all hydro capacities will be utilized in 2020 to reach the Energy Community targets, hydro energy accounts for only three percent of the total electricity generation. Although the solar energy potential in Kosovo is relatively high because of its geographical location, there has not been significant project developed.